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Title: 遠端自動仔豬哺乳室溫度及哺乳控制系統
Remote Automatic Piglet Suckling Room Temperature and Auxiliary Breastfeeding Equipment
Authors: 陳仁忠
Chen, Jen Chung
Contributors: 機電工程系(所)
Keywords: 小豬
Temperature Control
Auxiliary Breastfeeding Equipment
Date: 2021-07-29
Issue Date: 2021-07-29 14:30:03 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 由於國人與西方人肉品飲食習慣之差異,對豬肉之需求較為多,尤其是對豬隻內臟之嗜食程度尤甚。自2005年起豬肉市場開放自由進口,國內養豬成本較國外豬肉出口國高出1.7~1.8倍,屬西方飲食甚少利用的豬雜碎,肝、心、腎、肚、腸等豬內臟,低價且大量進口巳壓低了國產豬內臟價格,也使豬隻在肉品市場拍賣價格降低,養豬農民獲利的空間變小。再者2021年開始開放美國豬肉進入台灣,而美國豬因餵食萊克多巴胺(瘦肉精),致使美國豬肉較台灣豬肉價格低,此無異更增添國內養豬戶於肉品市場販售之競爭壓力。豬隻繁殖及育成效率低,主因為國內高溫多濕,再加上疫病控制不易,生物安全觀念不足,導致在保育階段的小豬死亡率比國外高。本論文針對在保育階段的小豬死亡率高的狀況。建置對哺乳期仔豬之飼養管理環節中,產房環境溫度控制及輔助哺乳設備的執行與實現。
Due to the differences in meat eating habits between Chinese and Westerners, there is a greater demand for pork, especially for pig offal. Since 2005, the pork market has been open for free import. The cost of domestic pig raising is 1.7 to 1.8 times higher than that of pork exporting countries. The low prices of heart, kidney, belly, intestines and other pig offal, and the large amount of imports have lowered the price of domestic pig offal, and also lowered the auction price of pigs in the meat market, reducing the profitability of pig farmers. In addition, since 2021, American pork will be allowed to enter Taiwan. Because American pigs are fed ractopamine (clenbuterol), the price of American pork is lower than that of Taiwanese pork. This will increase the competition of domestic pig farmers in the meat market pressure. The breeding and rearing efficiency of pigs is low. The main reason is that the domestic high temperature and humidity, coupled with the difficulty of disease control, and the inadequate biosafety concept, lead to higher piglet mortality in the nursery stage than abroad. This paper focuses on the high mortality of piglets in the nursery stage. Establish the implementation and realization of the environmental temperature control of the farrowing room and auxiliary breastfeeding equipment in the feeding and management links of the suckling piglets.
Appears in Collections:[機電工程系(所)] 學位論文

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